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What is hypersomnia?
Hypersomnia - increasing the duration of sleep by about a quarter of the normal duration of sleep of the person. In healthy people, sleep duration is from 5 to 12 hours. The average value is 7.5 hours on weekdays and 8.5 on weekends. Women sleep a little longer than men.
Hypersomnia can be physiological - increased sleep duration after physical or emotional overloads, lasts no more than a few days.
Pathological hypersomnia develops, as a rule, at a young age and can lead to the destruction of social contacts, loss of professional skills.
The main symptoms of hypersomnia: an increase in the duration of night sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness (especially when performing monotonous actions), the inability to sleep, the feeling of "sleepy intoxication" on awakening (the inability to "wake up to the end"). Some patients report headaches.
Less common than insomnia, hypersomnia is a symptom, often indicative of a serious illness. Temporary hypersomnia often occurs in healthy people for several nights or days after severe lack of sleep or excessive physical stress. A hypersomnia that lasts longer may turn out to be a symptom: a mental disorder, for example a violent anxiety or a depressed state; Overdose of hypnotics; Lack of oxygen and increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide in the body as a result of sleep apnea; As well as brain diseases. Chronic hypersomnia, which began at an early age, is a symptom of narcolepsy.
If excessive drowsiness has occurred recently and suddenly, the doctor will ask what a person's mood is, ask questions about current events in his life and the medications he is taking. Since the cause of this condition can be a disease, the doctor examines the heart, lungs and liver, and appoints laboratory tests to detect the disease. A recent hypersomnia, which can not be explained by illness or excessive use of medication, is caused by a mental illness (eg, depression) or a neurological disease (eg, encephalitis, meningitis or brain tumor). Neurological examination helps to identify depression, memory disorder or pathological neurological symptoms. If a neurological disease is suspected, the doctor gives a referral to a neurologist who prescribes computer tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
List of diagnostic methods: computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRT), clinical blood test (general), spinal puncture.
Treatment is symptomatic - aimed at eliminating daytime sleepiness.
To ease the symptoms the following rules will help:
Maintaining a regular sleep schedule.
Avoiding medications that can affect the quality of sleep and the level of sleepiness. Refusal of alcohol.
Treatment of somatic diseases and concomitant mental disorders, general restorative therapy, vitamin therapy, adequate nutrition.